1927 Italy - 1984 Italy
Domenico Guaccero, Italian composer and music theorist, was born in Palo del Colle (Bari), on 11 April 1927, and died in Rome on 24 April 1984. Guaccero was one of the most representative musicians of the New Music movement of the 1960s and 1970s. He was active in difficult times for Italy’s musical scene and shined as an example of coherence in sustaining his ideas. Many of today composers are indebted to his experimentation and teaching. His commitment to the renewal of musical language is apparent in many ways and his extraordinary interest in experimentation led him to undertake numerous initiatives and to advocate bold innovations with regard to the institutional channels of the diffusion of music in Italy. He began his studies in Bari, obtaining a diploma in piano (1948) and graduating in literature from the local university (1949). He then moved to Rome where he studied composition, graduating in 1956 under the guidance of Goffredo Petrassi. Thereafter he attended the Darmstadt summer courses in 1957 and 1959. In 1957 he founded, with Goffredo Petrassi, Guido Turchi, Roman Vlad, Gino Marinuzzi and others, the Centre for Electronic Music of the Roman Philarmonic Accademy. In 1959 he was one of the founders and directors of the journal Ordini together with Franco Evangelisti, Egisto Macchi and Antonino Titone. With Evangelisti, Macchi, and also Daniele Paris and mauro Bortolotti, Guaccero founded the musical association Nuova Consonanza, which was joined by several composers, including Mario Bertoncini, Aldo Clementi, Antonio De Blasio, Francesco Pennisi and then Ennio Morricone, Giacinto Scelsi and others. Guaccero had also organized the historical Weeks of New Music of Palermo. In 1963 with Paolo Emilio Carapezza, Heinz-Klaus Metzeger (afterwards joined by Mauricio Kagel), he edited the journal Collage, based in Palermo. In 1965 with Egisto Macchi and, initially, Sylvano Bussotti, Guaccero founded the Compagnia del Teatro Musicale, in Rome. And in 1968, again with Egisto Macchi and Franco Evangelisti, Walter Branchi, Gino Marinuzzi and Paolo Ketoff, he set up in Rome the Studio R7 for electronic music. In 1972, again in Rome, Guaccero founded, with Luca Lombardi and Alvin Curran, theCentre for Experimental Music; and between 1973 and 1976 he organized, with these same musicians and Allan Bryant, Giuseppe Mazzuca and Sergio Rendine, the improvisation and electronic group Musica Ex Machina. In 1973, with Goffredo Petrassi, Egisto Macchi, Daniele Paris and Mario Bertoncini, he set up the organizing committee of the International Symposium on Contemporary Musical Graphics. In 1977 he recorded with Mario Schiano, Bruno Tommaso and Alessandro Sbordoni the Lp of jazz improvisation " De Dé" (FolkStudio FK5008). In 1978 he organized and directed the group of music and improvisation theatre, Intermedia. In 1983 in collaboration with Egisto Macchi he founded the Institute of the Voice. Guaccero was a contributor to RAI and worked with directors Massimo Sani, Piero Berengo Gardin, Luigi Di Gianni, Ugo Gregoretti. He composed also music for stage for Antonio Calenda and other theatre directors. He taught composition at the conservatories of Pesaro, L’Aquila, Frosinone and Rome and partecipated in the executive committee of the Italian Musicians’ Association (Sindacato Musicisti Italiani). The versatility displayed in all his activities also characterizes Guaccero’s musical compositions. He has accepted a wide range of new techniques, particularly those bearing on theatre, which has always been the medium of his choice. Moving from Serialism to aleatory processes, "action music", mixed media and polystylistic collage (exemplified respectively by Un Iter segnato, Schemi, Negativo, Klaviatura and Sinfonia 2), he joined the musical theatre with works such asScene del Potere (Teatro Biondo, Palermo 1968), Rappresentazione et esercizio (Sagra Musicale Umbra, Perugia 1968) and the ballet Rot (with the choreographer Amedeo Amodio, Teatro dell’Opera of Rome, 1973), works in which Guaccero’s research of new musical languages successful blends social criticism with esoteric archaism. In his scores, even while recognizing the disintegration of the system of classic signs, we can see a new balance between the emancipation of the graphics of sound and the extreme precision and pragmatics of graphic representation, considered as not a bearer of artistic value per se but as one of the main means of communication in the definition and transformation of thought. In his late vocals works (Kardia, Casa dell’armonia, 5 canti da Tasso, Il sole e l’altre stelle and Un Hombre) he reached a successful balance between experimentalism and expressiveness.
|1962||Improvvisazione II||harpsichord||ca. 11 minutes|
Composer sent on February 22nd 2010. Last update on February 22nd 2010.